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A BRIEF HISTORY OF HUDDERSFIELD SINCE 1940

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15TH APRIL 1940
NEW CENTRAL LIBRARY
Is opened by the Mayor Alderman Norman Crossley. The first book to be borrowed, Phyllis Bentley's "Take Courage", is issued to the wife of Alderman Smailes.

Central Library, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England

29 AUGUST 1940
BOMBS AT HALL BOWER
The first two bombs dropped on the town damaged houses slightly, blew several residents out of bed, and ruined Mrs O'Shea's jam tarts!

14TH/15TH MARCH 1941
INCENDIARY BOMBS
Five parties are called out for the first time as hundreds of incendiary bombs and twenty high explosive bombs are dropped on and around Huddersfield. Anti-aircraft guns are constantly in action throughout the night. The last air raids to hit the town are on the 12th June.

JULY-AUGUST 1941
HOLIDAYS AT HOME
Huddersfield is a pioneer in arranging entertainment for people unable to take a seaside holiday because of the war.

31ST OCTOBER 1941
BOOTH'S FIRE
Forty seven people, mainly women, die in this clothing factory blaze. Following a service at the Parish Church, the majority are buried in a communal grave at Edgerton Cemetery with a public memorial.

30TH MARCH 1943
ALDERMAN WALTER HALSTEAD
Becomes the first mayor to die in office after falling down the Town Hall steps.

6TH JULY 1944
FARTOWN PLANE CRASH
An aircraft piloted by a local man crashes into two houses in Central Avenue, killing the pilot, a mother and her two year old son, and a 62 year old woman.

17TH SEPTEMBER 1944
STREET LIGHTS
Go on again after five years of war.

26 JUNE 1945
WINSTON CHURCHILL'S VISIT
30,000 people welcome the Prime Minister in St. George's Square-he is overcome by the warmth of his reception.

NOVEMBER 1945
FIRST WOMAN MAYOR
Mary Sykes, who becomes Huddersfield's first woman mayor, also made history in 1923 when she was one of the first four women solicitors in the country.
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16TH MAY 1946
ART GALLERY EXHIBITION
Sir Kenneth Clark opens this exhibition of 200 years of British painting held to officially celebrate the opening of the new art gallery in the Library building. The opening was delayed due to the gallery being designated for use as an emergency hospital ward during the war.

24TH OCTOBER
FERNSIDE ESTATE
The key of the first completed "Easiform" permanent pre-fabricated house in Fernside Avenue is handed to the tenant.

15TH DECEMBER 1947
HENRY'S STORES LTD FIRE
One woman is killed trying to escape the fire, which started in the Fairy Grotto and swept through the store.

23RD MAY 1948
WAR MEMORIAL
The new plaque for Second World War dead is unveiled on Fallen Heroes Memorial Day.

26TH JULY 1949
PRINCESS ELIZABETH
And the Duke of Edinburgh visit Trafalgar Mills, watch a display by schoolchildren at Leeds Road Football Ground and appear on the Town Hall Balcony before enormous crowds.

31ST OCTOBER 1949
SIR ROBERT PEEL STATUE
The crumbling statue leaves St. George's Square after 76 years for Flint Street depot where it was eventually broken up as the soft Sicilian Marble had disintegrated. The Aberdeen Granite Base was re-erected outside Tolson Memorial Museum in March 1971.

24TH FEBRUARY 1950
TWO MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT
Are elected for the first time-J.P.W. Mallalieu (Labour, Huddersfield east) and Donald Wade (Liberal, Huddersfield West).

6TH SEPTEMBER 1951
HUDDERSFIELD EXAMINER CENTENARY
The newspaper was originally produced a room over a shop in Kirkgate. It was founded by Joseph Woodhead, who was also the founder of the Dewsbury Reporter.

5TH JULY 1952
ST. PETERS GARDENS
Formerly the old parish Churchyard, are opened to the public.

13TH SEPTEMBER 1952
DUKE OF WELLINGTON REGIMENT
A ceremony is held to mark the conferring of the "privilege, honour and distinction" of marching through the streets of the town on all ceremonial occasions, with fixed bayonets, colours flying and bands playing.

OCTOBER 1952
ZEBRA CROSSINGS
Appear in town for the first time

6TH NOVEMBER 1953
HUDDERSFIELD EXAMINER
Published news instead of advertisements on the front page.
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16TH DECEMBER
HUDDERSFIELD CHORAL SOCIETY
Makes history by appearing in the first TV broadcast of the Messiah. The programme is transmitted from the Town Hall, the conductor is Sir Malcolm Sargent.

25TH SEPTEMBER 1955
L.B. HOLLIDAYS & CO. LTD.
Four houses are totally destroyed in this chemical tip fire, the biggest since Booth's fire in 1941.

15TH APRIL 1956
ST. PAUL'S CHURCH
The Bishop of Wakefield preaches at the final service to be held in the church, which opened in 1831.

NOVEMBER 1956
BILL SHANKLY
Becomes manager of Huddersfield Town Football Club.

24TH DECEMBER 1956
DENNIS LAW
Huddersfield Town's youngest ever player, plays his first match for the club.

19TH JULY 1957
DEREK IBBOTSON
Breaks the world record for the mile by eight-tenths of a second, at White City, London.

13TH APRIL 1958
CREMATORIUM
Is opened by Alderman Arthur Gardiner

17TH OCTOBER 1958
GAS BOARD SHOWROOM
In High Street is opened by the Mayor, Alderman R.H. Browne.

14TH NOVEMBER 1958
PRINCESS MARGARET
Visits Huddersfield to open the complex of these schools at Salendine Nook. The Secondary modern, Huddersfield High School for girls and New College were built at a cost of £1 million.

18TH JUNE 1959
CONTINENTAL PALACE THEATRE
The old Palace Theatre re-opens as the "Continental" with variety programmes and food and drink served at tables.

15TH APRIL 1960
VICTORIA JUBILEE TOWER
Re-opens after thirteen years closure.

29TH AUGUST 1960
ANITA LONSBROUGH
Wins a gold medal for the 200m breaststroke at the Olympics in Rome.
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OCTOBER 1960
RUSHWORTH'S CLOCK
A double faced electric clock, the first of its kind in this country, is installed above Rushworth's Departmental store. The clock, which is visible from Westgate, Kirkgate, John William Street and New Street, has a three foot dial and continuous revolution.

25TH FEBRUARY 1961
THEATRE ROYAL
The final production before the theatre is demolished is "Sailor Beware".

MARCH 1961
FIRE STATION
"The latest example of Huddersfield's Civic enterprise" is opened by the mayor, Alderman N. Day.

OCTOBER 1961
SIR MALCOLM SARGENT
Conductor of the Choral Society, is made a Freeman of the Borough. The Society becomes the corporate equivalent of a Freeman, and is awarded a complimentary resolution on vellum to mark its 125th Anniversary.

21ST NOVEMBER 1962
LOCKWOOD BREWERY
Where the beer has been produced continually since the firm was founded by Timothy Bentley in 1795, makes its last brew.

9TH SEPTEMBER 1963
RAMSDEN TECHNICAL COLLEGE
Enrolls its first students. The college was previously the "old Building" of the College of Technology, which moved to other premises. Ramsden Technical College is eventually moved to the Old Royal infirmary buildings.

29TH NOVEMBER 1963
BEATLES
Concert attracts an audience of 4,000 at the ABC cinema

24TH DECEMBER 1963
NEW THEATRE
At the end of a two year search to find the Theatre Royal, the former Empress Ballroom opens as the New Theatre with the pantomime "Puss in Boots".

18TH JANUARY 1964
J. WOOD AND SONS FIRE
The music shop in New Street goes up like a tinderbox after a paraffin heater is knocked over. There are dramatic rescues via windows in Albert Yard.

11TH FEBRUARY
IBBOTSON FLATS
Hero Derek opens the town's third block of multi-storey flats in Northgate.

16TH OCTOBER 1964
HAROLD WILSON
Becomes the Prime Minister after thirty years of Tory rule. At 48, he is the youngest PM since Rosebery.

DECEMBER 1964
DONALD WADE
Is given a life peerage and becomes "Lord Wade of Huddersfield", after his defeat in the October election.
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MARCH 1965
BUXTON ROAD
Shops, Rate Office and the one-time Woolpack Inn are demolished as part of the redevelopment scheme.

1ST OCTOBER 1965
CIVIC CENTRE PHASE 1
The building is officially opened by the Mayor Alderman Hartley.

NOVEMBER 1965
LOWRY PAINTING
Huddersfield arts committee buys L.S. Lowry's view of Huddersfield. The sketches for the painting were made from the top of Chapel Hill looking towards Lockwood.

4TH JULY 1966
TRAFFIC WARDENS
The first eight wardens go on duty. By September traders are describing them as "over zealous".

SEPTEMBER 1966
CURZON CINEMA
Shows that its last films, "Masters of the World" and "Goliath and the Dragon", before closure and demolition. The Curzon stood on the site of Huddersfield's first permanent cinema, the Picturedome, which also showed the town's first talkies.

DECEMBER 1966
PACKHORSE YARD
Is demolished to make a way for a new shopping precinct. The old yard, attached to the inn, was originally used for stabling and later became shops.

27TH JANUARY 1967
ROYAL INFIRMARY
At Lindley's officially opened by Harold Wilson. Acclaimed as one of the most modern in Britain, it replaces the old infirmary in New North Road.

11TH JUNE 1967
PICTURE HOUSE
The first purpose-built cinema in the town, closes its doors. The last films shown are "the Quatermass experiment" and "X the unknown".

15TH OCTOBER 1967
POLICE
Move into their new HQ in the Civic Centre

2ND NOVEMBER 1967
HEYWOOD'S STORE FIRE
Five firemen and a policeman are injured in the fire which destroys the department store on Market Street. Heywood's first opened in Milnsbridge in 1906 and moved into the town centre six years later.

DECEMBER 1967
ESSOLDO CINEMA FIRE
80 firemen fight the blaze, which almost destroys the cinema. The weather is so cold that water from hoses freezes as it falls. The cinema re-opens after rebuilding in July 1969.

5TH FEBRUARY 1968
CIVIC CENTRE PHASE II
Is opened by Dick Taverne. The new law courts are used for the first time on 12th February.
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20TH APRIL 1968
CENTENARY EXHIBITION
A civic exhibition to mark the centenary Year of the borough is officially opened by Sir William Pennington-Ramsden, 7th Baronet. The exhibition attracts around 40,000 visitors.

22ND JUNE 1968
CENTENARY PAGEANT
A mile and a half long pageant in the town centre depicts the growth of the borough as a municipality and as an industrial and social centre.

2ND JULY 1968
FREAK THUNDERSTORM
Hits Huddersfield in one of the worst storms in living memory streets in Longroyd Bridge and Milnsbridge are flooded to a depth of 18 inches. Giant hailstones smash windows and dent cars.

13TH JULY 1968
END OF TROLLEYBUSES
The corporation's "Last Trolleybus Week" attracts enthusiasts from all over the country. The very last journey from Waterloo to Outlane is just 35 years after the first trolleybus set out for Almondbury.

Last Trolley Bus, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England

13TH OCTOBER 1969
MULTI-STOREY CAR PARK
The first of its kind in Huddersfield, is opened by the Mayor, Alderman Kenneth Brooke.

JANUARY 1970
VICTORIA AND UNICORN HOTELS
In Victoria Street are demolished

28TH MARCH 1970
MARKET HALL
The Old Market Hall closes for trade. The New Market Hall opens for business on 1st April.
Old Market Hall, huddersfield, Yorkshire England

14TH APRIL 1970
HUDDERSFIELD TOWN FOOTBALL CLUB
Is back in the First Division after 14 years, due to a 3-1 win against Watford.

1ST JUNE 1970
POLYTECHNIC
Alderman Douglas Sisson becomes the first president of the newly designated polytechnic.

8TH JULY 1970
PRINCESS MARGARET
Opens the new Welfare Centre in Zetland Street, visits the ICI and takes a "walkabout" in the town. Her early arrival at the Town Hall for lunch throws officials into disarray, as does her decision to use the lift instead of the stairs leaving the welcoming party with their backs to her.

10TH DECEMBER 1970
M62 MOTORWAY
The Outlane entrance to the M62 is opened in wet and foggy weather by Major Bruce Eccles. The new 7m stretch of road becomes a popular week-end "run" for local motorists.

26TH OCTOBER 1971
PACK HORSE CENTRE
Huddersfield's first pedestrian shopping precinct is opened by the mayor, Alderman Mrs E.M. Whitteron.
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FEBRUARY 1972
MARKET STREET
Demolition begins on the "store that never was". This supermarket block was intended to replace Heywood's store, and was built on the same site, but reorganisation of the firm meant that the store was never opened.

21ST MARCH 1972
RAMSDEN STREET BATHS
Which first opened in July 1879, now close prior to demolition.

AUGUST 1972
PACK HORSE HOTEL
Controversial demolition of one of Huddersfield's oldest public houses finally begins.

OCTOBER 1972
SPARROW PARK
Trees are felled to make way for a new bus station. Officially known as Peel Park, the land was given by Sir J.W. Ramsden and was the first open space provided for the people of Huddersfield by their council in 1869.

18TH FEBRUARY 1973
NEW NORTH ROAD BAPTIST CHURCH
The first service is held in the town's most modern church. Features include an organ incorporating a digital computer and an open baptistry like an indoor fish pond.

22ND MAY 1973
COUNCILLOR JOHN MERNAGH
Is sworn in as Huddersfield's last Mayor before the town becomes part of Kirklees Metropolitan District, Harold Wilson attends the Mayor-making celebration banquet.

24TH JULY 1973
SPORTS CENTRE
Princess Anne opens the new £900,000 Sports Centre, and is presented with honorary family membership by the Mayor.

2ND NOVEMBER 1973
RING ROAD
Is officially opened by Alderman Whittaker

26TH MARCH 1974
BUS STATION
Is officially opened by the Mayor, Councillor Mernagh, despite the fact that it has not actually been completed.

26TH MARCH 1974
ST GEORGES SQUARE FOUNTAIN
The Mayor switches on the new £15,000 fountain, and officially christens it by throwing coins into the water. The fountain, commemorating Huddersfield Borough, is over 100 years old and stood in Venice for many years. Unfortunately the soft limestone is unable to survive the Huddersfield climate, and the fountain is removed two years later.
St Georges Square, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England

27TH MARCH 1974
HUDDERSFIELD BOROUGH COUNCIL
Holds it final meeting and 'dies' aged 106. A massive firework display in Greenhead Park and an official banquet mark its passing.
Ariel View Of Greenhead Park, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England
Greenhead Park Bandstand, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England

22ND MARCH 1975
WASTESAVER
Britains first waste recycling centre opens at Albion Mills, Milford Street. It is hoped that this Oxfam Scheme, which has Government backing, might run in other areas.
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28TH APRIL 1975
INCINERATOR
A £2 million plant to take industrial and domestic waste, the most modern in West Yorkshire, opens.

JUNE 1977
CIVIC CENTRE PHASE III
Staff move into the new building.

13TH NOVEMBER 1977
LEO THE LION
The original 123 years old lion of Lion Chambers, removed in January, served as a model for the fibreglass replacement now installed on the building.

25TH DECEMBER 1977
SEX PISTOLS
Give a party for youngsters at Ivanhoe's club. Children of striking firemen are among the guest's and food, presents and entertainment are all provided free. Another gig for the adults is played on the same night. This is to be the pop group's final concert in the UK
Sex Pistols Last UK Gig, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England

AUGUST 1978
LODGE'S HYPERMARKET
Opens at Birkby in a converted textile mill. "Annie Sugden" of Emmerdale Farm performs the ceremony.

27TH SEPTEMBER 1978
BRADLEY WOOD HOSPITAL
Formerly the Sanatorium, closes. Geriatric patients are moved to St. Lukes and Mill Hill hospital.

JUNE 1979
SIR J.P.W. MALLALIEU
Huddersfield's longest serving M.P., receives a knighthood in James Callaghan's resignation honours list.

7TH JULY 1979
HALIFAX BUILDING SOCIETY
The old building in Cloth Hall Street closes for the last time. A new building by Abbey, Hanson, Rowe & Partners opens on the same site in September 1981.

12TH NOVEMBER 1979
HILLARDS
New £3 million plus supermarkets opens with a public preview.

APRIL 1980
DR DAN'S
Famous herbal drink is no longer on sale in the Market Hall after 100 years popularity. It seems that there is difficulty in obtaining the ingredients today.

DECEMBER 1980
OLDGATE TENEMENTS
The first tenants move into the "new look" flats which are now among the most sought in the town centre.

9TH MARCH 1981
MONDAY MARKET
Trades for the last time in Ray Street. From next week a market will be held on Mondays and Thursdays at a new site in Brook Street.
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3RD AUGUST 1981
CREMATORIUM
Is wrecked by a massive explosion, which hurls rubble as far as the M62. Damage is estimated at £500,000 and the building is almost totally destroyed. The Crematorium is re-dedicated and re-opened in November.

18TH OCTOBER 1981
TOWN HALL
Celebrates its 100th birthday. A civic service is held at the Parish Church, the Duke of Wellington's Regiment marches through the town, there is an organ recital and an enactment of the original opening ceremony.
Huddersfield Town Hall, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England

DECEMBER 1981
RUTH LAWRENCE
Of Birkby spends a week in Oxford completing the acceptance formalities which will make her the youngest girl ever to attend a British University. She will be 12 years old when she takes up her place in October 1983.

22ND MARCH 1982
PRINCE AND PRINCESS OF WALES
Pay their first visit to Huddersfield to meet people assisted by the Prince's trust. Thousands turn out to welcome them and they make a brief walkabout neat St. Patrick's centre.

APRIL 1982
KAYE'S KING STREET
Huddersfield's only privately owned department store announces it will close in July, with 100 job losses. The recession and town centre parking are blamed.

26TH OCTOBER 1982
SAINSBURY'S
New Huddersfield store opens in Market Street on the site of the former YEB building, demolished in March 1981.

DECEMBER 1982
ABC CINEMA
Management announce that the former Ritz Cinema will close in March 1983 because it is not viable. The cinema is demolished in June 1985 and replaced by shop and office accommodation.
Old ABC Cinema, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England

11TH JANUARY 1983
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
It is one hundred years to the day since Huddersfield began to run its own public transport. Two buses in original tram and trolley liveries come into service.

22ND JULY 1983
SIR HAROLD WILSON
Is made a life peer in a post-election honours list and becomes "lord Wilson of Rievaulx and Kirklees". Curiously he was recommended not by Michael Foot, but by Margaret Thatcher.

AUGUST 1983
BYRAM ARCADE
Kirklees Council give the go-ahead for a £250,000 face-lift to the shopping arcade.

14TH OCTOBER 1983
ST LUKES HOSPITAL
The new £750,000 geriatric day hospital opens. This is one of the first purpose built geriatric hospitals in the Yorkshire region.
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28TH JULY 1984
JAMES MASON
The famous film star, son of a Hudderfield textile merchant, dies two months after his 75th birthday.

2ND JULY 1986
HUDDERFIELD CHORAL SOCIETY
Is awarded a golden disc for reaching number 9 in the pop charts and selling over 100,000 copies of its anniversary Hymns Album.

6TH NOVEMBER 1986
DOWN YOUR WAY
Brian Johnston is in Huddersfield to record a programme from the town.

5TH MARCH 1987
KIRKWOOD HOSPICE
Is officially opened by Dr. Alan Barlow and Mr. David Stocks. All money for the 10 bed hospice for the terminally ill was raised by charities.

25TH JUNE 1987
PRINCESS OF WALES
Visits the Royal infirmary to see the anti-natal clinic and delivery unit. She also plants a flowering Cherry tree at Help the Aged's sheltered housing complex at Dalton.

20TH OCTOBER 1987
BODYSCANNER APPEAL
Reaches its £500,000 target. The Bodyscanner is delivered to the Royal Infirmary in December.

2ND DECEMBER 1987
PRINCE OF WALES
Opens an exhibition of paintings by Ashley Jackson at Bass Yorkshire's H.Q. Lockwood. Proceeds from painting sales are to be donated to the Prince's Youth Business Trust.

20TH FEBRUARY 1988
HUDDERSFIELD CHORAL SOCIETY
Dr. Jane Glover becomes the Society's first woman principal conductor.

6TH MAY 1988
PRINCESS ROYAL
Attends a concert at the Town Hall in aid of the Save the Children Fund, and visits the Charity Shop in Westgate.

15TH JANUARY 1989
MOLDGREEN BYPASS
The first section of the major £3 million bypass is opened.

17TH FEBRUARY 1989
MRS SUNDERLAND COMPETITION
There are over 1,000 entries for the Centenary Competition. Lady Baribirolli judges the woodwind entries and the Solo instrumentalists Challenge is won by flautist Wendy Goddard of Liversedge. Actress Thelma Barlow, a former winner, presents the speech and drama prizes.

MAY 1989
HUDDERSFIELD EXAMINER
Over 100 years of printing the newspaper in Ramsden Street building comes to an end with the switch to the new hi-tec colour press at Aspley.

5TH JUNE 1989
HOPKINSONS
Despite a buy-out attempt by Council-backed workers, an £11.6 million deal is signed to sell the engineering firm to the Scottish based Weir Group.

6TH JUNE 1989
DUCHESS OF YORK
Pays her first visit to West Yorkshire to open Huddersfield's three day 'Business for Business' exhibition to Leeds Road Football Ground.

APRIL 1990
HUDDERSFIELD CENTRAL LIBRARY 50TH ANNIVERSARY
To be celebrated with various activities, exhibition and the publication of Noel Spencer's 'A scrapbook of Huddersfield', 'Almondbury and Huddersfield: a map collection 1634-1860', and this leaflet.
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